What is Hacking? Hacking is that special word which intrigues our interest to know about it. Most of the time, we watch movies in which they feature any hackers or any hacking scene. That makes us start to admire all the hackers and we become desperate to know what is hacking. You may also have searched online about hacking tutorials – I have done. However, you might have not found a reliable source that could have satisfactory answer to what is Hacking. Good news for you! We will write a series of articles to introduce hacking and the operating systems for hacking. Furthermore, we will describe what things you can hack and how you can hack.
What is Hacking All About
In computer networking, hacking is any technical attempt to manipulate normal behavior of network connections and connected systems so as to gain access to the data they hold. It can be details of one’s social accounts, credit cards, and websites; and photos, movies and every other useful data he holds in his device and computer. In simple words, hacking means cracking and finding the weaknesses in the security system of any network, device or computer and afterwards exploiting it to serve the purpose.
What is Hacking Wikipedia
The intrinsic aim of hacking, as it was introduced in 1950s and 1960s, is to find the weaknesses of network security so that they can be strengthened. Therefore, companies hire hackers to carry out some attacks on their websites to hack them and identify the compromised security issues and resolve them before black hat hackers exploit them. On the other hand, there are hackers who hack for malicious activities. They use hacking to steal credentials and later threaten the victims or blackmail them for ransom, to breakdown websites and publish contents against them, or to rob banks. This answers the question what is hacking.
What is Computer Hacking Definition – Computer Hackers
A computer hacker is any skilled computer expert that uses their technical knowledge to overcome a problem. While “hacker” can refer to any skilled computer programmer, the term has become associated in popular culture with a “security hacker”, someone who, with their technical knowledge, uses bugs or exploits to break into computer systems. Computer Hacking is the act of overcoming technical problems in computer.
Types of Hackers and Types of Hacking
After understanding what is hacking, you may want to know what are the types of hacking and types of hackers. There are too many types of hacking and hackers. However, we can categorize the most common and the well known ones into three groups. Gray Hat hackers/ Gray hat hacking, White Hat Hackers/ White Hat Hacking and Black Hat Hackers/ Black Hat Hacking. I am going to describe each one of them in details further.
1. Gray Hat Hackers and Gray Hat Hacking
Gray hat hackers are somewhere in the middle on the spectrum between helping others and self-gain. Some of them expose wrongdoing, take revenge or harass the subject.
Gray hat hackers don’t have the permission to launch attacks on companies or websites. Therefore, however great result they prove to give, even if without malicious intent, it is illegal.
A gray hat hacker is the sort that tracks vulnerability in security networks, but instead of exploiting it, he contacts the company or the organization to let the know about their security issues. On the other hand, some may post it online so that black hat hackers or white hat hackers use it.
The hacking performed in accordance to defined character of a Gray Hat Hacker is called Gray Hat Hacking.
2. White Hat Hackers and White Hat Hacking
White Hat Hackers, also known as “Ethical Hackers” are the good guys of hacking world. They, specially have expertise in computer security. Moreover, they have high network penetration skills which they use to make sure the systems are safe.
Organizations, both companies and governments, hire White hat hackers so that they may hack into their system and find security holes. If they find security issues of defects in software they will inform the organization to take proper steps to fill those hole or re-engineer their software.
White hat hackers can offer various services. They can help organizations find leaks and repair them before someone find and exploit them. They can secure information and even fight cyber terrorism.
The hacking performed in accordance to defined character of a White Hat Hacker is called White Hat Hacking.
3. Black Hat Hackers and Black Hat Hacking
Black hat hackers are the folks who give hackers a bad name – they are the criminals of online world. They violate computer security for their personal gains like accessing the credit card information and stealing people’s identity by hacking into their accounts and represent themselves as the owners. These acts are illegal and whoever attempts to do this commits a great crime.
Some black hat hackers just want the attention. They use different techniques to attack networks and deface websites in an attempt to make names for themselves. They are the hackers who hack for their personal gain and other selfish reasons.
The hacking performed in accordance to defined character of a Black Hat Hacker is called Black Hat Hacking.
Ethical Hacking PDF Book Download
Ethical Hacking is the type of hacking that white hat hackers and gray hat hackers practice to find out the vulnerabilities and inform the company or the owners before someone exploit them. If you are seeking to learn such type of hacking, we provide you the complete Ethical Hacking PDF Book that you can read online and also download.
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Operating System for Hacking
There are many operating systems that hackers use for their hacking objectives. However, Kali Linux is the most prominent among them. It is use not so simple neither it is hard. You will naturally learn it as you work on it.
What is Kali Linux?
Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution, one of the products of Linux company. Experts use it for penetration testing. This is a process in which an ethical hacker attacks a system by various software and methods to check if the system is vulnerable. There are several hundred tools and software pre-installed in Kali Linux. They are specially engineered and designed to carry out advanced attacks on a computer that is connected to internet.
You can install Kali Linux in 32 bit and 64 bit computers. You can use it as the main operating system and also as a secondary machine for practicing as virtual machines. Therefore, it is highly recommended for beginners, if you are one, to use Kali Linux in Virtual Machines. Because they can mess with the system and have its previously saved state. This will help them avoid the break down of the complete system.
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Hacking Within a Network Using Kali Linux
The tools installed, and other tools that Kali support but aren’t pre-installed, give Kali the ability to expose the vulnerabilities. These can be of every sort of network. WiFi networks, Browsers, Websites, Smart Phones, and Computers.
By using Kali, anyone with a little knowledge about hacking can capture the information packages a computer sends and receives from the internet, without even being connected to the same network. However, decoding those information packages is not an easy task as Secured WiFi Networks encrypt them. Hence, the first thing the hackers do is hacking the WiFi networks to enter the territory of trusted networks where you can find non-encrypted information packages. Thus, the information is easily readable.
This way they can capture any sort of data be it a text, a picture, a video, and they can trace the websites one visits and gain the login usernames and passwords from the websites that don’t use SSL/https security. Furthermore, the hacker can take control of victim’s complete system and do whatever he wants just by tricking the victim into installing a fake update. Yes, if you are connecting to a non-trusted network never install the updates that pop up in your browsers – it can be a virus that creates a backdoor in your computer.
I hope this article was helpful. Put your related comments and questions in the comment section!